A radical democratisation of society is at the very heart of the socialist project. Real democracy is impossible in a society divided into rich and poor, between a tiny minority who own society’s means of production and the vast majority forced to work for the capitalists in order to live. In this collection of writings, V.I. Lenin, the founder and leader of the Bolshevik Party and the leader of the 1917 Russian Revolution, explains the class basis of democracy under capitalism and its severe inherent limitations. Lenin’s writings centre on his post-revolution polemic with Karl Kautsky, the one-time Marxist authority who opposed the revolution and the soviet form of workers’ power associated with it. An introduction by Doug Lorimer and several appendices round out this illuminating volume.