Lenin’s writings on the national question represent one of the great treasures of Marxism. This timely collection demonstrates the two inseparably linked aspects of his approach to this vexed issue. On the one hand, Lenin intransigently defended the right of each nation to determine its own destiny and supported the fullest possible equality between nations. However, at the same time, he was completely opposed to all forms of nationalism, to the bourgeois outlook and policy of segregating nations, and consistently supported everything that tends to remove national distinctions and to merge nations together. In a world where national oppression is so pervasive, only such a policy will enable socialists confronted by national oppression to unite the working class and oppressed masses in a struggle against capitalism and for socialism. This representative compilation of Lenin’s writings is a Marxist manual on this burning question of world politics.